The Victory of Greenwood: Amos T. Hall

Amos T. Hall

A painting (by Norman artist Mike Wimmer) of Amos T. Hall, Thurgood Marshall, and Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher, the first woman of color to be admitted to the University of Oklahoma Law School, hangs in the halls of the Oklahoma Senate Chamber. This may be the only public monument to … Read More

The Victory of Greenwood: Dr. Charles Bate

Dr. Charles Bate

The surname “Bate” is likely not well-known in Oklahoma, but it’s most certainly recognized in Tennessee. Humphrey Bate was born in Castalian Springs, Tennessee, on May 25, 1875. He spent his teenage years collecting pocket change playing harmonica on steamboats traveling the Cumberland River. He eventually attended medical school at … Read More

The Victory of Greenwood: Reverend Ben H. Hill

Reverend Ben H. Hill

Jimmie Lewis Franklin wrote in Journey Toward Hope, “No discussion of Black political life in Oklahoma could ignore the tenure of Representative Ben [H.] Hill of Tulsa. …His careful reasoning often left both Black militants and white racists uncomfortable. He advised whites to stop talking to themselves and to confront … Read More

Victory of Greenwood: George Monroe

George Monroe

“I remember so well when George Monroe, a playmate of mine, who was in the [Massacre] and who hid under the bed, he was five years old. And a white hoodlum stepped on his fingers and he didn’t even cry, he didn’t shout out. He just took it. When I … Read More